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Mining Locations

Geology & Mining Techniques
Geology & Mining Techniques

History Of Ruby Mining Techniques Although rubies can be found in many locations, not all areas can be successfully mined.  If deposits cannot be mined easily; if they are located in remote, inhospitable, or politically volatile regions; if labor is too costly; or if regulation presents obstacles; there can be no viable mining industry.   […]

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Ruby Mining Guide For centuries, the island of Sri Lanka, also known as Ceylon, has been a key source for a variety of gemstones, including rubies.  We know that Sri Lankan gems have been mined, set into jewelry, and traded abroad for at least 2,500 years. The Etruscans, Greeks, and Romans coveted rubies […]

Myanmar
Myanmar

Myanmar Ruby Mining Guide Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has been a key producer of outstanding rubies for centuries.  Burmese rubies are associated with quality because of their intense color, perfect quantities of silk, and strong .  Some dealers refer to top quality rubies as “Burmese” regardless of where they were mined, although this practice […]

Thailand
Thailand

Thailand Ruby Mining Guide Thailand is known for producing rubies with high clarity and a deep red “Siamese” color.  As early as the 15th century, visitors forwarded glowing reports of the fabulous rubies that could be found there.  In 1687, the French envoy to Siam reported that the country was “abounding in mines of rubies […]

Cambodia
Cambodia

Cambodia Ruby Mining Guide Situated on the Thai-Cambodian border on the edge of the Cardamom Mountain range, sits the mining town of Pailin in the Battambang province. Heralded for its production of stunning sapphires, the region has steadily grown in reputation for rubies as well. More modern gem deposits in the southwest region of the […]

Vietnam
Vietnam

Vietnam Ruby Mining Guide Although Vietnam was known for its gems during the French colonial period, it wasn’t until the late 1980s and 1990s, when deposits of fine ruby and sapphire were found in the Luc Yen district, that mining began in earnest.  The discovery of fine gemstone material at Luc Yen was followed by […]

Laos
Laos

Laos Ruby Mining Guide Like many of its Asian neighbors, Laos has its share of rubies.  This is not surprising given its proximity to the ruby deposits of northern Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar.  The international border Laos shares with Thailand and Myanmar is known as the “Golden Triangle” because of its reputation for lucrative and […]

Madagascar
Madagascar

Madagascar Ruby Mining Guide For the last ten years, the island nation of Madagascar has experienced a corundum rush. Madagascar exports large quantities of sapphires, and it also produces attractive rubies from mines in the eastern and southern parts of the country.  Although rubies from Madagascar typically exhibit good clarity, a great deal of the […]

Tanzania
Tanzania

Tanzania Ruby Mining Guide Tanzania is well known for its rich endowment of gemstones.  The country obtains much of its gem wealth from a geological feature known as the Mozambique Orogenic Belt, which contains one of the richest gem loads on earth.  Rocks in this mountain belt have undergone significant tectonism and metamorphism, which has […]

Kenya
Kenya

Kenya Ruby Mining Guide Experts believe that Kenya holds tremendous potential as a reliable source of rubies.  Like Tanzania, the country obtains much of its gem wealth from a geological feature known as the Mozambique Orogenic Belt, which contains one of the richest gem loads on earth. History Of Rubies In Kenya Ruby deposits were […]

Malawi
Malawi

Malawi Ruby Mining Guide Corundum was first discovered in Malawi in the 1950s.  Today, a majority of the rubies exported from the country come from a single mine, the Chimwadzulu Hill mine, which is located in the south-central part of the country. Malawi lies on the Mozambique Belt, an extremely prominent geological formation rich in […]

Mozambique
Mozambique

Mozambique Ruby Mining Guide Located in the southeastern area of Africa along the Indian Ocean, Mozambique shares borders with other ruby-producing countries of Tanzania and Malawi. After nearly 500 years as a Portuguese colony, Mozambique achieved independence in 1975, but has been fraught with civil wars and flooding in the decades since that have devastated […]

Afghanistan
Afghanistan

Afghanistan Ruby Mining Guide Afghanistan is an important historical source of both rubies and sapphires.  Early traders, including Marco Polo, were impressed by corundum from Afghanistan, which was traded thousands of miles from its source. Rubies from this country were mentioned in Arabic writings of many of the early explorers, and it is clear that […]

Pakistan
Pakistan

Pakistan Ruby Mining Guide Because Pakistan and Afghanistan share a long and porous border, rubies are often smuggled out of Afghanistan and sold in Pakistani markets.  As a result, many are not aware that Pakistan has its own wealth of gemstone deposits simply because they remain underexploited. History Of Rubies In Pakistan Known ruby deposits […]